Pond Aerator Systems
Selecting Pond Aeration systems
Pond aerators are used to increase the level of dissolved oxygen in water. Water aerators are used to combat low oxygen conditions in lakes and ponds or in aquaculture tanks. Dissolved oxygen is a major indicator of water quality and a vital parameter in maintaining optimum productivity in shrimp and other fish farms. Grossly reduced oxygen levels may result in mass morbidity of aquatic life.
There are two common techniques to aerate a water body : surface aeration technique and subsurface aeration technique.
Natural Aeration results in surface as well as subsurface aeration techniques.
Surface aeration results from disturbance of the surface of water because of falling water such as from a falls, fountain or stream.
Sub surface aeration primarily occur via aquatic plants. Aquatic plants release oxygen into the water via the process of photosynthesis and thus support aquatic life.
Surface aeration is achieved via fountains, floating surface aerators and paddle wheel aerators.
Fountains help to enhance the aesthetic appeal of water bodies. However they are not so effective in increasing dissolved oxygen of a large water body in an appreciable manner.
Floating surface aerators work in a manner similar to fountains. Their ability to enhance oxygen levels are also limited. Further they do not enhance the appeal of water bodies as fountains do.
Paddle wheel aerators are most effective in increasing dissolved oxygen levels and as such they find maximum use in shrimp and other aquaculture operations.
They are powered by electric motors and mounted on floats. They are mostly used in outdoor shrimp farming.
Subsurface aeration is achieved by means of diffused aerator systems. Diffused aerators utilise bubbles to oxygenate water. Bubbles are released at the bottom of the water body. As the bubbles rise to the top, aeration of the water body takes place.
Diffused aerators are classified into two types depending on the natures of bubbles they produce : course bubble generators and fine bubble generators.
Course bubble generators are generally much more inefficient in enhancing oxygen levels because of larger size of bubbles generated.
Fine bubble generators are extremely effective in enhancing oxygen levels. However one difficulty with fine bubble generators is that the diffusers may clog and therefore they need to be cleaned periodically to ensure their effectiveness. The problem is more in case the turbidity of the water is high. Fine bubble generators are frequently used in indoor shrimp farming.
Diffused aerators of various capacity depending on requirement may easily be obtained from Amazon.